Teachers should make assignments clear by using vocabulary students can understand, and by providing a variety of instructional experiences including:
- Confusing Words Bulletin Board – students add commonly used slang phrases and idioms to a chart for other students to interpret.
- Multimedia Resources – Reenforce objectives using videos, songs, apps, and other resources found online that allow for student interaction
- Read Along Audio Files – structured and leveled readers where students can listen to different native readers help build their fluency. Programs like RazKids give choice freedom to choose their own books at appropriate levels.
- Similar Words and Opposite Words – create flashcards or activities that allow students to learn antonyms, homonyms, and synonyms
- Total Physical Response – teachers use hand gestures, facial expressions, and whole body movement to illustrate concepts or vocabulary words. Students emulate the movements.
- Vocabulary Cards – Students can create vocabulary flash cards to help them practice – they can include a translation into the student’s first language to ensure understanding
- Vocabulary Picture Puzzles – Picture Puzzles – when printed from to back, these vocabulary games allow students to work alone or in pairs or small groups to discuss targeted vocabulary words in a social setting while playing a game.